本文发布时间: 2019-Mar-22
Curl实现Linux到Windows(FTP)的数据同步我们今天主要介绍,如何使用Curl将linux的数据拷贝到Windows上,其实说到需求,其实有很多办法,比如scp、rsync及mount等工具或方法都可以实现Linux到Windows的数据同步,今天我们主要介绍Curl的数据同步方法,使用Curl的缺陷就是需要在Windows上启用FTP服务,然后配置目录等信息,对于其他的方法,我们会在后面的文章再做介绍,我们首先在windows上需要启用FTP服务,服务器管理器---添加WEB服务器(IIS)在IIS角色服务中勾选启用FTP服务器等角色安装完成接下来打开IIS管理器;网站---添加FTP站点配置FTP物理路劲我们配置FTP站点的信息,比如地址及端口信息我们创建一个ftpuser用户,主要用来传输文件的认证信息然后配置身份认证方式,选择基本,然后指定用户或用户组都可以,配置权限读写配置完成我们通过浏览器访问FTP服务进行测试我们在目录下创建一个测试文件刷新FTP访问可以显示我们也可以打开文件显示接下来我们要测试将linux上的文件上传到ftp上我们首先使用 首先需要在linux安装 curl服务yum install -y curl安装后,我们首先查看curl有哪些参数curl --help[root@DB1 ~]# curl --helpUsage: curl [options...]Options: (H) means HTTP/HTTPS only, (F) means FTP only--anyauth Pick "any" authentication method (H)-a/--append Append to target file when uploading (F/SFTP)--basic Use HTTP Basic Authentication (H)--cacert CA certificate to verify peer against (SSL)--capath CA directory to verify peer against (SSL)-E/--cert Client certificate file and password (SSL)--cert-type Certificate file type (DER/PEM/ENG) (SSL)--ciphers SSL ciphers to use (SSL)--compressed Request compressed response (using deflate or gzip)-K/--config Specify which config file to read--connect-timeout Maximum time allowed for connection-C/--continue-at Resumed transfer offset-b/--cookie Cookie string or file to read cookies from (H)-c/--cookie-jar Write cookies to this file after operation (H)--create-dirs Create necessary local directory hierarchy--crlf Convert LF to CRLF in upload--crlfile Get a CRL list in PEM format from the given file-d/--data HTTP POST data (H)--data-ascii HTTP POST ASCII data (H)--data-binary HTTP POST binary data (H)--data-urlencode HTTP POST data url encoded (H)--delegation STRING GSS-API delegation permission--digest Use HTTP Digest Authentication (H)--disable-eprt Inhibit using EPRT or LPRT (F)--disable-epsv Inhibit using EPSV (F)-D/--dump-header Write the headers to this file--egd-file EGD socket path for random data (SSL)--engine Crypto engine to use (SSL). "--engine list" for list-f/--fail Fail silently (no output at all) on HTTP errors (H)-F/--form Specify HTTP multipart POST data (H)--form-string Specify HTTP multipart POST data (H)--ftp-account Account data to send when requested by server (F)--ftp-alternative-to-user String to replace "USER [name]" (F)--ftp-create-dirs Create the remote dirs if not present (F)--ftp-method [multicwd/nocwd/singlecwd] Control CWD usage (F)--ftp-pasv Use PASV/EPSV instead of PORT (F)-P/--ftp-port Use PORT with address instead of PASV (F)--ftp-skip-pasv-ip Skip the IP address for PASV (F)--ftp-ssl Try SSL/TLS for ftp transfer (F)--ftp-ssl-ccc Send CCC after authenticating (F)--ftp-ssl-ccc-mode [active/passive] Set CCC mode (F)--ftp-ssl-control Require SSL/TLS for ftp login, clear for transfer (F)--ftp-ssl-reqd Require SSL/TLS for ftp transfer (F)-G/--get Send the -d data with a HTTP GET (H)-g/--globoff Disable URL sequences and ranges using {} and []-H/--header Custom header to pass to server (H)-I/--head Show document info only-h/--help This help text--hostpubmd5 Hex encoded MD5 string of the host public key. (SSH)-0/--http1.0 Use HTTP 1.0 (H)--ignore-content-length Ignore the HTTP Content-Length header-i/--include Include protocol headers in the output (H/F)-k/--insecure Allow connections to SSL sites without certs (H)--interface Specify network interface/address to use-4/--ipv4 Resolve name to IPv4 address-6/--ipv6 Resolve name to IPv6 address-j/--junk-session-cookies Ignore session cookies read from file (H)--keepalive-time Interval between keepalive probes--key Private key file name (SSL/SSH)--key-type Private key file type (DER/PEM/ENG) (SSL)--krb Enable Kerberos with specified security level (F)--libcurl Dump libcurl equivalent code of this command line--limit-rate Limit transfer speed to this rate-l/--list-only List only names of an FTP directory (F)--local-port [-num] Force use of these local port numbers-L/--location Follow Location: hints (H)--location-trusted Follow Location: and send auth to other hosts (H)-M/--manual Display the full manual--max-filesize Maximum file size to download (H/F)--max-redirs Maximum number of redirects allowed (H)-m/--max-time Maximum time allowed for the transfer--negotiate Use HTTP Negotiate Authentication (H)-n/--netrc Must read .netrc for user name and password--netrc-optional Use either .netrc or URL; overrides -n-N/--no-buffer Disable buffering of the output stream--no-keepalive Disable keepalive use on the connection--no-sessionid Disable SSL session-ID reusing (SSL)--noproxy Comma-separated list of hosts which do not use proxy--ntlm Use HTTP NTLM authentication (H)-o/--output Write output to instead of stdout--passPass phrase for the private key (SSL/SSH)--post301 Do not switch to GET after following a 301 redirect (H)--post302 Do not switch to GET after following a 302 redirect (H)-#/--progress-bar Display transfer progress as a progress bar-x/--proxy Use HTTP proxy on given port--proxy-anyauth Pick "any" proxy authentication method (H)--proxy-basic Use Basic authentication on the proxy (H)--proxy-digest Use Digest authentication on the proxy (H)--proxy-negotiate Use Negotiate authentication on the proxy (H)--proxy-ntlm Use NTLM authentication on the proxy (H)-U/--proxy-user Set proxy user and password--proxy1.0 Use HTTP/1.0 proxy on given port-p/--proxytunnel Operate through a HTTP proxy tunnel (using CONNECT)--pubkey Public key file name (SSH)-Q/--quote Send command(s) to server before file transfer (F/SFTP)--random-file File for reading random data from (SSL)-r/--range Retrieve only the bytes within a range--raw Pass HTTP "raw", without any transfer decoding (H)-e/--referer Referer URL (H)-O/--remote-name Write output to a file named as the remote file--remote-name-all Use the remote file name for all URLs-R/--remote-time Set the remote file's time on the local output-X/--request Specify request command to use--retry Retry request times if transient problems occur--retry-delay When retrying, wait this many seconds between each--retry-max-time Retry only within this period-S/--show-error Show error. With -s, make curl show errors when they occur-s/--silent Silent mode. Don't output anything--socks4 SOCKS4 proxy on given host + port--socks4a SOCKS4a proxy on given host + port--socks5 SOCKS5 proxy on given host + port--socks5-hostname SOCKS5 proxy, pass host name to proxy--socks5-gssapi-service SOCKS5 proxy service name for gssapi--socks5-gssapi-nec Compatibility with NEC SOCKS5 server-Y/--speed-limit Stop transfer if below speed-limit for 'speed-time' secs-y/--speed-time Time needed to trig speed-limit abort. Defaults to 30-2/--sslv2 Use SSLv2 (SSL)-3/--sslv3 Use SSLv3 (SSL)--stderr Where to redirect stderr. - means stdout--tcp-nodelay Use the TCP_NODELAY option-t/--telnet-option Set telnet option-z/--time-cond Transfer based on a time condition-1/--tlsv1 Use => TLSv1 (SSL)--tlsv1.0 Use TLSv1.0 (SSL)--tlsv1.1 Use TLSv1.1 (SSL)--tlsv1.2 Use TLSv1.2 (SSL)--trace Write a debug trace to the given file--trace-ascii Like --trace but without the hex output--trace-time Add time stamps to trace/verbose output-T/--upload-file Transfer to remote site--url Set URL to work with-B/--use-ascii Use ASCII/text transfer-u/--user Set server user and password-A/--user-agent User-Agent to send to server (H)-v/--verbose Make the operation more talkative-V/--version Show version number and quit-w/--write-out What to output after completion-q翻译过来我们经常会使用一下上传-#/--progress-bar 进度条显示当前的传送状态-T/--upload-file 上传文件-O/—download file 下载文件我们先使用curl命令列表ftp服务器上的目录列表crul --user ftpuser:ftpuserpasswordcrul -u ftpuser:ftpuserpasswordcurl ftp://ftpuser:[email protected]:8888我们下载一个文件curl -u ftpuser:ftpuserpwd2016 -o hello.txt或者命令curl -u ftpuser:ftppass -O如果需要下载全部文件:curl -u ftpuser:ftppass -Oftp://最后我们尝试上传一个文件curl -u ftpuser:ftpuserpwd -T 1.txt如果需要上传多个文件curl -u ftpuser:ftppass -T "{file1,file2}"因为我们要定期自动上传,所以,我们需要将该命令编写成一个shell脚本;最简单的方法是#!/bin/bashuser=”ftpuser”pwd=”ftpuserpwd”#curl -u ftpuser::ftpuserpwd -T 1.txt –u $user$pwd-T 1.txt然后我们可以使用crontal -e进行编辑计划任务30 23 * * * shell路劲 每天23点30执行脚本23 23 * * * /root/


2024-Mar-04 02:08pm